How Civil Nuclear Power, Defense, & Space Sectors are Shaping Out
Srinivas Reddy, Managing Director, MTAR Technologies Limited, 0
Carbon neutrality is expected to be achieved through a combination of clean energy resources including civil nuclear power. Government of India has set up an ambitious target of meeting 10 percent of its energy requirements through civil nuclear power. To realize the same, increasing our existing nuclear reactor base is crucial to generate more electricity through civil nuclear power, thereby reducing the dependence on non-renewable energy sources. The current installed capacity of nuclear reactors is 6780 MW and 6028 MW of nuclear reactors are under construction. As part of its massive infrastructure scale up program to grow nuclear capacity, The Government of India (GoI) has sanctioned the manufacture of 10 pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWR) in fleet mode (10 x 700MW) with a combined generation capacity of 7,000 MW. French company EDF has submitted binding techno-commercial offer to NPCIL to build six European Pressurized Water (EPR) reactors with an installed capacity of 9600 MW that would be the most powerful civil nuclear plant in the world. Government plans to increase the nuclear capacity to 22480 MW by 2031 on progressive completion of projects under completion and accorded sanction. Further, the reactors under construction entail 12 percent CAGR over the next decade versus four percent CAGR in the past, influenced by the Government of India’s emphasis on capacity addition and rising carbon neutrality objectives, which represents a growing market for domestic players. The after-market revenue from the maintenance and refurbishment segments during FY 2015-19 was valued at Rs. 5.5 Billion-6 Billion; this is estimated at Rs. 9 Billionn-10 Billion over FY 2020-25 as the majority of India’s installed reactor base hits the critical 20-year life span.
India’s space program was sanctioned a budget of Rs 134.8 billion for fiscal 2022 and budget of Rs. 142 bn for fiscal 2023. ISRO plans to launch optical, 197 multi- and hyperspectral, and synthetic aperture radar satellites. Several other missions including launch of GISAT-1 satellite, space docking experiment (SPADEX), reusable launch vehicle (RLV) and a few others, which would drive future investments in India’s space programs are under planning stage. Launches were slowed down in the past two years due to COVID 19 pandemic, however, the launches are expected to be increased to more than 30 per year over the next two years. India’s space program is projected to post a 7.5 percent CAGR over FY 2021-25 as against 12.8 percent CAGR over FY 2017-21. This growth will be driven by declining launch costs, increasing the role for the private sector through the New Space Policy 2020, formation of New Space India and commercialization of Space through In-Space.
production linked incentives(PLI) have not been sanctioned by government in these sectors except for drone and drone components manufacturing in Defence, however, production linked incentive (PLI) if accorded will provide a huge support to the domestic industry
India’s Defense sector is being driven by the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, marked by the ban on 101 imported items and DRDO’s announcement of the indigenization of 108 systems and subsystems. Recently, under import ban the government has come up with the third embargo list of over 101 military systems and weapons that covers major equipment and platforms. This embargo is aimed at strengthening the domestic defense manufacturing eco-system as the defense ministry targets a turnover of $ 25 billion in the next five years that includes an export target of $ 5 billion worth of export hardware.
Finally, there is massive potential available in Civil Nuclear Power, Space and Defense sectors for the private sector. Domestic industry should gear up in terms of R&D capabilities, capacity augmentation and training of skilled resources to address opportunities available in these sectors and indigenize technologies for the nation to achieve self-reliance. So far production linked incentives(PLI) have not been sanctioned by government in these sectors except for drone and drone components manufacturing in Defense, however, production linked incentive (PLI) if accorded will provide a huge support to the domestic industry.