Role of 5G Technology in Empowering Digital India
Accept it or not, the technology around us is evolving at a lightning speed. One such technology that has advanced in recent times is the Internet technology. Gone are the days when the internet was considered a rare technology in India. Today, according to a BBC report, the country has the cheapest mobile broadband prices in the world. Internet connectivity is one of the most approachable and important technology in the current era. Though, the internet in India came into existence in the year 1986 and was available only to the educational and research community. It was publicly available from August 1995. The Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) access was introduced in 1997. After that, the evolution took place in a consistent manner and from 2005 onward, the growth of the broadband sector in the country accelerated. In 2010, the government auctioned 3G spectrum followed by an equally high-profile auction of 4G spectrum that set the scene for a competitive and invigorated wireless broadband market. Now the 5G tech is all set to revolutionize the digital realm of India.
5G is the most innovative and latest technology that is going to disrupt the world. The introduction of 3G and 4G technologies enabled us to browse the internet through mobile phones and smartphone devices. It further allowed us to use data-driven services, increased the bandwidths for streaming videos online, helped to make video calls easy and much more. In the same way, now 5G technology is expected to bring more instantaneous communication and a seamless, faster system. Though, India as a nation is progressing to become a $1 trillion digital economy by 2025. However, it will only be possible if India will transformation its digital infrastructure on a massive scale. Here is where the role of 5G technology comes into the light. From the tech firms to financial institutions, hospitals, and other data-intensive companies, everyone will have the bandwidth to move enormous amounts of information in real-time, as a result simplifying the operational processes and maximizing the efficiency of services. With this, the 5G tech is expected to act as an enabler in powering digital India. Let’s have a look at how it is going to create a better world.
India’s agricultural sector hasn’t kept pace with the rapid technological transformations available in the global market. An assessment made by the UN shows that 5G and IoT could enable the agriculture industry to deliver a 70 percent increase in food production worldwide by 2050, catering to the ever-growing global population. Digitization of agriculture and introduction of technologies such as AI and IoT, enabled by 5G can help improve overall productivity. Placing 5G powered smart sensors in a farm can gather and deliver real-time soil status, humidity and temperature to measure and inform farmers about what needs to be done to keep their crops healthy. 5G can further help enhance, monitor, automate and improve agricultural operations and processes. Such kind of real-time information will help farmers take immediate action in case of an infection in one part of the farm, and will enable them to manage their resources like water and fertilizers efficiently. The end result for the agriculture sector would be improved crop yields and higher-quality produce.
With the advancement of technology, the education realm is witnessing huge differences. The impact of 5G technology is not just limited to manufacturing, autos, and healthcare. It will also make a major impact on the education industry by promoting quality education and a number of learning opportunities. 5G can change the education sector profoundly by offering improved remote-learning opportunities. It is hard to achieve uniform teaching quality across India, and this is especially true for rural areas. With 5G, high quality interactive virtual classrooms and content can be streamed all over the country from anywhere, bridging the gap between rural and urban India. This means that the physical location constraints for experimental practices and information sharing can be minimized by the use of 5G. As the 5G network is way too faster, learning can be done easily between a larger numbers of students irrespective of their current location. No matter if a student is from Tier-I city or Tier-III city, they will just need internet connectivity for procuring education.
5G will also take the entertainment experience to the next level. 5G’s low latency coupled with the convenience of smartphones will make the mobile phone the device of choice for many gamers. Today’s average mobile-first gamer, who has been gravitating towards immersive and competitive gaming experiences, will be able to access more of these premium game titles on mobile. Playing an interactive cloud game in a virtual world with lag-free streaming will match the experience offered by gaming consoles. 5G will not just allow quicker downloads and streaming but will enhance the experience of cross-platform gameplay. To take advantage of the super low latencies offered by 5G, services and functions traditionally in cloud data centres will move to the mobile edge. Mobile edge computing will make the whole network experience very tactile for consumers.
For people in rural areas, with doctors located several miles away, travelling while ill can be challenging and time-consuming. With the advent of telehealth and remote home monitoring systems, people could receive care from the comfort of their homes. Doctors could make recommendations after a short video call and even submit prescription requests. These all are now possible because of 4G. However, 5G will simplify the offering to a great extent. It is the pathway to digital therapeutics, which will allow patients to get treated at home with the help of VR, AR, and mixed reality; doctors can use remote robots to visit patients in faraway hospitals. Remote diagnostics and teleconsultation will fill the lacunae in rural healthcare. 5G will allow patients who are disabled or are simply too sick for an office visit to use telehealth services to communicate more quickly with their physicians. Connected devices, IoT, artificial intelligence will help give a new dimension to healthcare in the country allowing for remote diagnostics and even treatment and surgeries. By enabling all these technologies through 5G networks, healthcare systems can improve the quality of care and patient experience, reduce the cost of care, and more. Instead of only reacting to patients' conditions, 5G networks can give providers the ability to provide more personalized and preventive care – which is the reason many healthcare employees became providers in the first place.
Other Sectors, Factories & Smart City
In the automotive space, the internet of vehicles (IoV) covers a lot of aspects of connectivity. Some vehicles today include cellular connections, but the usage is often limited to basic apps. The new autonomous vehicles being developed will require ultra-reliable, low latency connectivity. Here is where 5G will make all of these possible. Likewise, 5G will help enable the smart factory revolution. A smart factory will have equipment across the unit communicating amongst themselves in real-time with very high reliability. This will not only boost the productivity of many industries but will also increase the safety and comfort of workers. 5G will enable critical communications between machines and robots used in manufacturing. The potential of 5G is incredible, and the possibilities become even more futuristic when looking at how 5G can mix with sophisticated technologies. In the development of smart cities, operational intelligence, or technology that reacts to the real world rather than being fixed, is central to delivering the wealth of benefits promised. Sensors and cameras will do the bulk of the data gathering, while cellular connectivity such as narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) will relay it to a cloud service for analysis. These are just a few of the devices that are expected to join the IoT ecosystem in the next decade. Some will do edge-processing, but most will require some form of remote connection capacity that’s likely to rely on cellular rather than unlicensed bands.
5G services are expected to launch worldwide in 2021 with more than 50 operators offering services in about 30 countries by the end of 2021, making it a new technology trend industry leaders must watch out for, and also save a spot in. Indeed, it will take a couple of years for the technology to cover the entire world. However, when it does, data will flow freely between more people, more places, and more devices at speeds and volumes we have never seen before.