Adani Group Targets $100B Capex for Energy Transition, Digital Infra


AdaniAdani Group is setting ambitious goals with plans to invest $100 billion in capital expenditures over the next decade, focusing primarily on energy transition projects and digital infrastructure. A recent report from Jefferies highlighted the group's strategic outlook and financial performance, emphasizing strong growth trajectories across its diversified portfolio.

During an investors' meet, Adani Group management underscored robust operating performance in FY24, achieving a 27 percent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) over the past five years. The group's consolidated Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) reached $10 billion, marking a notable 40 percent year-on-year growth.

Key sectors driving Adani's financial strength include infrastructure-related businesses, which contributed more than 80 percent of the total EBITDA. The report noted a high cash after tax (FFO) to EBITDA ratio across the group, ensuring adequate coverage for debt maturities.

Financial resilience was further underscored by Adani's contracted EBITDA, which accounts for 80 percent of the group's total and substantial cash reserves exceeding 20 percent of borrowings, mitigating cash flow and systemic risks effectively.

Adani Group is actively expanding its digital infrastructure footprint, establishing multiple consumer touchpoints nationwide. With Adani's core infrastructure platform already serving 350 million users, the group anticipates leveraging this demographic dividend for medium-term growth.

In terms of specific ventures, Adani Enterprises Ltd is heavily investing in GH2 (Green Hydrogen) projects, representing a significant portion of its upcoming capital expenditures. The airports business is poised to benefit from increased traffic and non-aero trends, with plans to bid for new airports under India's airport privatization initiative.

Additionally, Adani has commissioned a copper project and initiated work on a coal-to-PVC project, showcasing its diversification strategy. Despite the substantial capex, management remains confident in maintaining a net debt to EBITDA ratio below 5 times.

Ambuja Cements, under the Adani umbrella, remains on track to achieve its target of 140 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) by FY28, with a focus on optimizing production costs to Rs 3,650 per tonne by the same year. The company aims to consolidate its cement businesses under a unified structure in the medium term.

Adani Energy Solutions Ltd (AESL) is progressing with under-construction transmission assets worth Rs 170 billion, slated for commissioning by FY26. Looking ahead, AESL eyes a competitive bidding pipeline valued at Rs 1.1 trillion over the next 12-15 months, representing a 16 percent market share.

Meanwhile, Adani Green Energy continues to expand aggressively, having installed 10.9 GW of capacity as of March, with an additional 11 GW under execution. The company targets adding 6-8 GW annually in FY25 and FY26, aiming for a total capacity of 50 GW by FY30, inclusive of major projects like the 5 GW pumped hydro project.

The strategic initiatives outlined by Adani Group underscore its commitment to sustainable growth, capitalizing on emerging opportunities in renewable energy, infrastructure, and digital innovation. With a clear roadmap for future investments, the group is poised to play a pivotal role in India's economic landscape, aligning with global sustainability goals and reinforcing its position as a key player in the energy transition and infrastructure development sectors.