Google DeepMind RoboCat Could Be the Next Big Thing in Robotics


imageRobots quickly make their way into our daily lives. Robots are frequently exclusively designed to excel at certain activities. The development of general-purpose robots is taking longer than it should, in part because real-world training data collection takes time. However, utilizing recent developments in AI could result in robots that can assist in many more ways. The world is becoming more and more accustomed to the shifting technological tides. The most recent invention, the RoboCat, is capable of carrying out a variety of duties using different robotic limbs.

According to reports, DeepMind says that with AI advances, robots may be able to perform more tasks. It proclaims that the progress in general-purpose robots is considerably slow due to the time consumed in gathering real-world training data. As a foundation agent for robotic manipulation, RoboCat can carry out a wide range of activities with various robot types and can quickly learn new robot kinds and abilities. We can instruct any robot to carry out a task using RoboCat by presenting a desired object configuration to one of the cameras. This becomes the agent's objective. 

What is RoboCat?

RoboCat can do a variety of tasks with different robot types as a foundation agent for robotic manipulation and is quick to pick up new robot types and skills. Researchers may use RoboCat to train any robot to perform a task by displaying a desired object configuration to one of the cameras. The agent's goal is now to achieve this. Researchers have previously looked towards developing robots with the real-world abilities of a helper robot and the capacity to learn to multitask at scale and comprehend vast language models. It is the first agent to carry out, adapt to, and do the same across several real robots, according to Google DeepMind. DeepMind’s RoboCat is the first agent that can solve and adapt to various tasks on several types of real robots. Findings show that RoboCat learns significantly more quickly than other cutting-edge models. Because it learns from such a huge and varied dataset, it can pick up a new skill with as few as 100 demonstrations. This capacity is crucial to developing a multipurpose robot and will hasten robotics research by reducing human-supervised training requirements.

The company asserts that compared to other cutting-edge models, RoboCat learns a great deal more quickly. Due to its extensive use of a wide dataset, RoboCat can learn a new task with as few as 100 demonstrations. This, according to Google DeepMind, will aid in expediting robotics development because it almost eliminates the need for human assistance during training. The business views it as a development in the design of all-purpose robots.

How does RoboCat Learn and Improve itself?

Gato is a multimodal model developed by Google DeepMind that can process words, visuals, and actions in both virtual and real worlds. RoboCat is based on Gato. The company asserted that it has added a sizable training dataset—action sequences and photos of several robot arms completing hundreds of tasks—to Gato's architecture. According to the company, following this round, it put RoboCat through a cycle of self-improvement training with various unknown jobs. There were five processes involved in learning new duties.

As a result of all this training, the most recent version of RoboCat is based on a dataset comprising millions of trajectories from actual and simulated robotic arms, as well as data that was generated by the robots themselves. To gather data depicting the tasks RoboCat would be trained to accomplish using vision, we used four different kinds of robots and numerous robotic arms. RoboCat is essentially an agent that transforms decisions based on visual goal-conditioning and has been trained on video clips of hundreds of jobs being performed. The information is collected from a huge variety of actual robot arm kinds and simulated situations.

RoboCat, which was trained on videos of hundreds of jobs being performed, performs as a visual goal-conditioned decision transformer. The collection includes a wide variety of actual robot arm types and virtual surroundings.


Notably, RoboCat has made remarkable progress on his path to self-improvement. After 500 demos, the first model had a success rate on previously unknown tasks of about 36 percent. However, RoboCat's success rate more than doubled as it picked up new tasks. The field of robotics has a lot of potential thanks to RoboCat's adaptability, versatility, and multimodal abilities.

The researchers used Gato’s architecture, which comes with a large training dataset of sequences of images and actions of various robot arms solving hundreds of different tasks.

They then trained RobotCat to learn new tasks by following five steps:

  • Collect 100-1000 demonstrations of a new task or robot using a robotic arm controlled by a human.
  • Fine-tune RoboCat on this new task/arm, creating a specialized spin-off agent.
  • The spin-off agent practices on this new task/arm an average of 10,000 times, generating more training data.
  • Incorporate the demonstration data and self-generated data into RoboCat’s existing training dataset.
  • Train a new version of RoboCat on the new training dataset.


Consumer robots were one of the gadget categories with the greatest representation, but none was cuter than MarsCat, a new robotic pet from industrial robot startup Elephant Robotics. It's difficult not to fall in love with this robot pet after spending even a small amount of time with it because it is a fully autonomous companion that can respond to touch and voice and even play with toys. MarsCat's lineage is a little unusual because Elephant Robotics specializes in creating cobots, industrial robots that are created to collaborate with humans in workplaces like factories or assembly lines. Elephant, a company created in 2016, has already produced these collaborative robots on three lines. Client companies worldwide, including those in Korea, the United States, Germany, and other countries, have purchased them.